Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (2022)

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Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (2)

AW-GEV-104B-130

AW-GEV-184B-250

AW-GEV-264B-370

VivoCam Web Smart Managed

PoE Switch

User Manual

Rev. 1.0

For firmware revision 0001

Copyright VIVOTEK Inc. 2016 | All rights reserved. All brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.

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About This Manual

Copyright

Copyright © 2016 VIVOTEK Inc. All rights reserved.

The products and programs described in this User Guide are licensed products of VIVOTEK Inc.,

This User Guide contains proprietary information protected by copyright, and this User Guide and

all accompanying hardware, software and documentation are copyrighted. No parts of this User

Guide may be copied, photocopied, reproduced, translated or reduced to any electronic medium

or machine-readable from by any means by electronic or mechanical. Including photocopying,

recording, or information storage and retrieval systems, for any purpose other than the

purchaser’s personal use, and without the prior express written permission of VIVOTEK Inc.

.

Purpose

This GUI user guide gives specific information on how to operate and use the management

functions of the AW-GEV series switch via HTTP/HTTPs web browser

Audience

The Manual is intended for use by network administrators who are responsible for operating and

maintaining network equipment; consequently, it assumes a basic working knowledge of general

switch functions, the Internet Protocol (IP), and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).

CONVENTIONS

The following conventions are used throughout this manual to show information.

WARRANTY

See the Customer Support/ Warranty booklet included with the product. A copy of the specific

warranty terms applicable to your VIVOTEK products and replacement parts can be obtained

from your VIVOTEK Sales and Service Office authorized dealer.

Disclaimer

VIVOTEK does not warrant that the hardware will work properly in all environments and

applications, and marks no warranty and representation, either implied or expressed, with

respect to the quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. VIVOTEK

disclaims liability for any inaccuracies or omissions that may have occurred. Information in this

User Guide is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the

part of VIVOTEK. VIVOTEK assumes no responsibility for any inaccuracies that may be contained

in this User Guide. VIVOTEK makes no commitment to update or keep current the information in

this User Guide, and reserves the righter to make improvements to this User Guide and /or to the

products described in this User Guide, at any time without notice.

Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (4) NOTE:

For users who use this switch in a surveillance application, you can go directly to Chapter 13 for information directly related to surveillance deployments.

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Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS MANUAL.............................................................................................................................

II

Revision History .........................................................................................................................................

vii

INTRODUCTION

........................................................................................................................................

1

CHAPTER 1 ..........................................................

OPERATION OF WEB - BASED MANAGEMENT

3

CHAPTER 2 .........................................................................................................................

SYSTEM

7

2-1 SYSTEM INFORMATION...................................................................................................................................

7

2-2 IP ADVANCE..................................................................................................................................................

9

2-2.1 IP Configuration ................................................................................................................................

9

2-2.2 IP Status............................................................................................................................................

12

2-3 SYSTEM TIME...............................................................................................................................................

14

2-4 LOG ............................................................................................................................................................

18

2-4.1 Syslog .......................................................................................................................Configuration

18

2-4.2 View Log...........................................................................................................................................

20

2-5 LLDP..........................................................................................................................................................

22

2-5.1 LLDP Configuration.........................................................................................................................

22

2-5.2 LLDP-MED ...............................................................................................................Configuration

25

2-5.3 LLDP Neighbour ..............................................................................................................................

32

2-5.4 LLDP-MED .....................................................................................................................Neighbour

34

2-5.5 LLDP Statistics..................................................................................................................................

38

2-6 UPNP.........................................................................................................................................................

40

CHAPTER 3 ...............................................................................................

PORT MANAGEMENT

42

3-1 PORT CONFIGURATION.................................................................................................................................

42

3-2 PORT STATISTICS ..........................................................................................................................................

45

3-3 SFP PORT INFO ...........................................................................................................................................

49

3-4 ENERGY EFFICIENT .......................................................................................................................ETHERNET

51

3-5 LINK AGGREGATION .....................................................................................................................................

52

3-5.1 Port ...................................................................................................................................................

52

3-5.2 Aggregator ..............................................................................................................................View

54

3-5.3 Aggregation .................................................................................................................Hash Mode

56

3-5.4 LACP System .......................................................................................................................Priority

58

3-6 LOOP PROTECTION ......................................................................................................................................

59

3-6.1 Configuration...................................................................................................................................

59

3-6.2 Status ................................................................................................................................................

61

CHAPTER 4 ..................................................................................................

POE MANAGEMENT

63

4-1 POE CONFIGURATION ..................................................................................................................................

63

4-2 POE STATUS ................................................................................................................................................

65

CHAPTER 5 ...............................................................................................

VLAN MANAGEMENT

67

5-1 VLAN CONFIGURATION...............................................................................................................................

67

5-2 VLAN MEMBERSHIP....................................................................................................................................

71

5-3 VLAN PORT ....................................................................................................................................STATUS

73

CHAPTER 6 ................................................................................................

QUALITY OF SERVICE

75

6-1 GLOBAL SETTINGS........................................................................................................................................

75

6-2 PORT SETTINGS ...........................................................................................................................................

77

6-3 PORT POLICING ...........................................................................................................................................

79

6-4 PORT SHAPER..............................................................................................................................................

80

6-5 STORM CONTROL ........................................................................................................................................

82

6-6 PORT SCHEDULER ........................................................................................................................................

84

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6-7 COS/802.1P MAPPING ...............................................................................................................................

85

6-8 COS/802.1P REMARKING ............................................................................................................................

86

6-9 IP PRECEDENCE MAPPING............................................................................................................................

87

6-10 IP PRECEDENCE REMARKING ......................................................................................................................

88

6-11 DSCP MAPPING .......................................................................................................................................

89

6-12 DSCP REMARKING ....................................................................................................................................

90

CHAPTER 7

SPANNING TREE........................................................................................................

91

7-1 STATE..........................................................................................................................................................

91

7-2 REGION CONFIG ..........................................................................................................................................

93

7-3 INSTANCE VIEW ...........................................................................................................................................

94

CHAPTER 8

MAC ADDRESS TABLES............................................................................................

101

8-1CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................................................

101

8-2 INFORMATION ...........................................................................................................................................

104

CHAPTER 9

MULTICAST ...............................................................................................................

106

9-1 IGMP SNOOPING......................................................................................................................................

106

9-1.1 Basic Configuration .......................................................................................................................

106

9-1.2 VLAN Configuration......................................................................................................................

109

9-1.3 Status ..............................................................................................................................................

111

9-1.4 Group Information.........................................................................................................................

113

9-1.5 IGMP SFM Information..................................................................................................................

115

CHAPTER 10

SECURITY.................................................................................................................

117

10-1 MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................................................................

117

10-2 IEEE 802.1X...........................................................................................................................................

121

10-2.1 Configuration...............................................................................................................................

121

10-2.2 Status............................................................................................................................................

124

10-3 PORT SECURITY .......................................................................................................................................

126

10-3.1 Configuration...............................................................................................................................

126

10-3.2 Status............................................................................................................................................

129

10-4 RADIUS.................................................................................................................................................

131

10-4.1 Configuration...............................................................................................................................

131

10-4.2 Status............................................................................................................................................

134

CHAPTER 11

DIAGNOSTICS .........................................................................................................

139

11-1 PING.......................................................................................................................................................

139

11-2 CABLE DIAGNOSTICS................................................................................................................................

141

11-3 TRACEROUTE ...........................................................................................................................................

142

11-4 MIRROR..................................................................................................................................................

143

CHAPTER 12

(Video) VIVOTEK VIVOCam AW-GEV Series Switch Setup

MAINTENANCE.......................................................................................................

145

12-1 CONFIGURATION .....................................................................................................................................

145

12-1.1 Save startup-config .....................................................................................................................

145

12-1.2 Backup config ..............................................................................................................................

147

12-1.3 Restore config ..............................................................................................................................

148

12-1.4 Activate config .............................................................................................................................

149

12-1.5 Delete config................................................................................................................................

150

12-2 RESTART DEVICE ......................................................................................................................................

151

12-3 FACTORY DEFAULTS..................................................................................................................................

152

12-4 FIRMWARE ..............................................................................................................................................

153

12-4.1 Firmware Upgrade ......................................................................................................................

153

CHAPTER 13 NETWORK VIEW - GRAPHICAL MONITORING......................................................

154

13 1 OVERVIEW.................................................................................................................................................

154

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GRAPHICAL MONITORING.......................................................................................................................................

156

TOPOLOGY VIEW ..............................................................................................................................................

156

FLOOR VIEW ....................................................................................................................................................

162

MAP VIEW .......................................................................................................................................................

164

DEVICE LIST......................................................................................................................................................

165

FLOOR IMAGE...................................................................................................................................................

167

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Revision History

Release

Date

Revision

Initial Release

2016/08/25

1.0

Hardware Reset / Mode Button

The reset button is used to reboot the PoE switch or to restore the factory default settings. Sometimes resetting the system can return the PoE switch to normal operation. If the system problems remain after reset, restore the factory settings and try again.

Reboot: Press 3~10 seconds and release the recessed reset button. Wait for the PoE Switch to reboot.

Reset to factory default: Press longer than 10 seconds and release the recessed reset button. Wait for the PoE Switch to reset to factory default & Reboot.

The mode button is use to switch LED indicator’s mode.

Link / ACT/ Speed: Press shorter than 3 seconds and release the recessed mode button. The Link / ACT/ Speed LED will on.

Green when displaying Link/ACT/Speed status of Ethernet ports.

PoE : Press shorter than 3 seconds and release the recessed mode button. The PoE LED will turn on. Green when displaying the PoE link status with powered devices.

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INTRODUCTION

Overview

In this User Guide, it will not only tell you how to install and connect your network system but configure and monitor the AW-GEV-104B-130, AW-GEV-184B-250, or AW-GEV-264B-370 through the web by (RJ-45) serial interface and Ethernet ports step-by-step. Many explanations in detail of hardware and software functions are shown as well as the examples of the operation for web-based interface.

The AW-GEV series switches are the next generation web smart+ managed switch from VIVOTEK, is a portfolio of affordable managed switches that provides a reliable infrastructure for your business network. These switches deliver more intelligent features you need to improve the availability of your critical business applications, protect your sensitive information, and optimize your network bandwidth to deliver information and applications more effectively. It provides the ideal combination of affordability and capabilities for entry level networking includes small business or enterprise application and helps you create a more efficient, better-connected workforce.

The AW-GEV series Web Smart+ Managed Switches provide 10/18/26 ports in a single device; the specification is highlighted as follows.

DHCP Server & Client & Relay & Snooping

QoS Hardware Queues, Classification, Rate Limiting, Priority Queue Scheduling

Tag Based VLAN, Port Based VLAN, Protocol Based VLAN, IP Subnet Based VLAN, MAC Based VLAN

Private VLAN Edge (PVE), Voice VLAN, Q in Q VLAN, GVRP VLAN

Multicast VLAN Registration (MVR)

802.1d (STP), 802.1w (RSTP), 802.1s (MSTP) & Loop Protection

IEEE802.3ad LACP and Static Link Aggregation

IGMP Snooping v1/v2 & Querer & Proxy

SNMP v1/v2c/v3 User Based Security Model (USM)

IEEE802.1x RADIUS & TACACS+ Authentication

SSH/SSL Secured Management

IP Source Guard

IEEE802.3az Energy Efficient Ethernet

Overview of this User Guide

Chapter 1 “Operation of Web-based Management”

Chapter 2 “System”

Chapter 3 “Port Management”

Chapter 4 “PoE Management”

Chapter 5 “VLAN Management”

Chapter 6 “Quality of Service”

Chapter 7 “Spanning tree”

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Chapter 8 “MAC Address Tables”

Chapter 9 “Multicast”

Chapter 10 “Security”

Chapter 11 “Diagnostics”

Chapter 12 “Maintenance”

Chapter 13 "Network View"

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Chapter 1 Operation of Web-based Management

Initial

Configuration

Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (12) IMPORTANT:

1.It is recommended to use IE10 or IE11 to open a web console with the PoE switch.

2.This PoE switch is specifically designed for surveillance applications. It comes with an integrated Network View interface for ease of configuration. The interface is accessed through a tabbed menu, and the configuration changes made in its window have a higher priority than those in the Switch configuration menus.

This chapter instructs you how to configure and manage the switch through the web user interface. With this facility, you can easily access and monitor through any one port of the switch all the status of the switch, including MIBs status, each port activity, Spanning tree status, port aggregation status, multicast traffic, VLAN and priority status, even illegal access record and so on.

The default values of the AW-GEV series switches are listed in the table below:

IP Address

DHCP client

Subnet

255.255.255.0

Mask

Default

N/A

Gateway

Username

admin

Password

admin

You can find the PoE switch using VIVOTEK’s IW2 utility. If network address conflicts occur, use this utility to locate the PoE switch.

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If you double click on the entry found on the IW2 utility, an IE console will be opened. If you prefer using Firefox or Google Chrome, you can manually enter the IP address in your browser’s URL field.

If you enabled the onboard DHCP server on the PoE switch, you can browse it. For instance, type http://192.168.1.1 in the address row in a browser, it will display the following screen and ask you to enter a username and password in order to login and access authentication.

The default username is “admin” and password is admin. For the first time to use, please enter the default username and password, and then click the <Login> button. The login process now is completed. In this login menu, you have to input the complete username and password respectively, the

AW-GEV switch will not give you a shortcut to username automatically. This looks inconvenient, but safer.

The AW-GEV switch allows two or more users to manage the switch using the administrator’s identity. The configuration changes made will take effect depending on who made the last configuration change.

This chapter instructs you how to configure and manage the AW-GEV switch through the web user interface. With this facility, you can easily access and monitor through any one port of the switch all the status of the switch, including MIBs status, each port activity, Spanning tree status, port aggregation status, multicast traffic, VLAN and priority status, even illegal access record and so on.

After the AW-GEV switch has been finished configuration it interface, you can browse it. For instance, type http://192.168.1.1 in the address row in a browser, it will display the following screen and ask you inputting username and password in order to login and access authentication.

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A startup wizard page will prompt the first time you access the switch. The first step is to configure a password for access security.

If necessary, configure a static IP for the switch. Click Next to proceed.

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You can then configuration the data and time setting for the switch either by assigning a network time server or manually enter the values using the calendar.

You should enter additional information such as system contact and system location. When done, click the Apply button.

The default username is “admin” and password is empty. For the first time to use, please enter the default username and password, and then click the <Login> button. The login process now is completed. In this login menu, you have to input the complete username and password respectively, the AW-GEV switch will not give you a shortcut to username automatically. This looks inconvenient, but safer.

The AW-GEV switch allows two or more users using administrator’s identity to manage this switch, which administrator to do the last setting, it will be an available configuration to effect the system.

NOTE:

When you login the Switch WEB page to manage. You must first type the Username of the admin. Password was blank, so when you type after the end Username, please press enter. Management page to enter WEB.

When you login AW-GEV series switch Web UI management, you can use both ipv4 ipv6 login to manage

To optimize the display effect, we recommend you use Microsoft IE 6.0 above, Netscape V7.1 above or Firefox V1.00 above and have the resolution 1024x768. The switch supported neutral web browser interface

NOTE:

AS AW-GEV switch the function enable dhcp, so If you do not have DHCP server to provide ip addresses to the switch, the Switch default ip

192.168.1.1

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Chapter 2

System

This chapter describes the entire basic configuration tasks which includes the System Information and any management parameters of the Switch (e.g. Time, Account, IP, Syslog, and NTP.)

2-1 System Information

You can identify the system by configuring system name, location and the contact of the switch.

The switch system’s contact information is provided here.

Web interface

To configure System Information in the web interface:

1.Click System and System Information.

2.Write System Name, Location, Contact information in this page.

3.Click Apply

Figure 2-1: System Information

Parameter description:

System name :

An administratively assigned name for this managed node. By convention, this is the node's fully-qualified domain name. A domain name is a text string drawn from the alphabet (A-Z, a-z), digits (0-9), minus sign (-). No space characters are permitted as part of a name. The first character must be an alpha character. And the first or last character must not be a minus sign. The allowed string length is 0 to 128.

Location :

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The physical location of this node(e.g., telephone closet, 3rd floor). The allowed string length is 0 to 128, and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 32 to 1.

Contact :

The textual identification of the contact person for this managed node, together with information on how to contact this person. The allowed string length is 0 to 128, and the allowed content is the ASCII characters from 32 to 126.

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2-2 IP Advance

2-2.1 IP Configuration

The IPv4 address for the switch could be obtained via DHCP Server for VLAN 1. To manually configure an address, you need to change the switch's default settings to values that are compatible with your network. You may also need to establish a default gateway between the switch and management stations that exist on another network segment.

Configure the switch-managed IP information on this page Configure IP basic settings, control IP interfaces and IP routes.

The maximum number of interfaces supported is 8 and the maximum number of routes is 8.

Web Interface

To configure an IP configuration in the web interface:

1.Click System, IP Advance and IP Configuration.

2.Click Add Interface then you can create new Interface on the switch.

3.Click Add Route then you can create new Route on the switch

4.Click Apply

Figure 2-2.1: The IP configuration

Parameter description:

IP Configuration

DNS Server :

This setting controls the DNS name resolution done by the switch. The following modes are supported:

No DNS server

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No DNS server will be used.

Configured

Explicitly provide the IP address of the DNS Server in dotted decimal notation.

From this DHCP interface

Specify from which DHCP-enabled interface a provided DNS server should be preferred.

From any DHCP interfaces

The first DNS server offered from a DHCP lease to a DHCP-enabled interface will be used.

IP Interfaces

Delete :

Select this option to delete an existing IP interface.

VLAN :

The VLAN associated with the IP interface. Only ports in this VLAN will be able to access the IP interface. This field is only available for input when creating an new interface.

IPv4 DHCP Enabled :

Enable the DHCP client by checking this box. If this option is enabled, the system will configure the IPv4 address and mask of the interface using the DHCP protocol. The DHCP client will announce the configured System Name as hostname to provide DNS lookup.

IPv4 DHCP Fallback Timeout :

The number of seconds for trying to obtain a DHCP lease. After this period expires, a configured IPv4 address will be used as IPv4 interface address. A value of zero disables the fallback mechanism, such that DHCP will keep retrying until a valid lease is obtained. Legal values are 0 to 4294967295 seconds.

IPv4 DHCP Current Lease :

For DHCP interfaces with an active lease, this column show the current interface address, as provided by the DHCP server.

IPv4 Address :

The IPv4 address of the interface in dotted decimal notation.

If DHCP is enabled, this field is not used. The field may also be left blank if IPv4 operation on the interface is not desired.

IPv4 Mask :

The IPv4 network mask, in number of bits (prefix length). Valid values are between 0 and 30 bits for a IPv4 address.

If DHCP is enabled, this field is not used. The field may also be left blank if IPv4 operation on the interface is not desired.

IPv6 Address :

The IPv6 address of the interface. A IPv6 address is in 128-bit records represented as eight fields of up to four hexadecimal digits with a colon separating each field (:). For example, fe80::215:c5ff:fe03:4dc7. The symbol :: is a special syntax that can be used as a shorthand way of representing multiple 16-bit groups of contiguous zeros; but it can appear only once. It can also represent a legally valid IPv4 address. For example, ::192.1.2.34.

The field may be left blank if IPv6 operation on the interface is not desired.

(Video) VIVOTEK - Solución Switch´s Administrables

IPv6 Mask :

The IPv6 network mask, in number of bits (prefix length). Valid values are between 1 and 128 bits for a IPv6 address.

The field may be left blank if IPv6 operation on the interface is not desired.

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IP Routes

Delete :

Select this option to delete an existing IP route.

Network :

The destination IP network or host address of this route. Valid format is dotted decimal notationor a valid IPv6 notation. A default route can use the value 0.0.0.0or IPv6 :: notation.

Mask Length :

The destination IP network or host mask, in number of bits (prefix length). It defines how much of a network address that must match, in order to qualify for this route. Valid values are between 0 and 32 bits respectively 128 for IPv6 routes. Only a default route will have a mask length of 0 (as it will match anything).

Gateway :

The IP address of the IP gateway. Valid format is dotted decimal notationor a valid IPv6 notation. Gateway and Network must be of the same type.

Next Hop VLAN (Only for IPv6) :

The VLAN ID (VID) of the specific IPv6 interface associated with the gateway.

The given VID ranges from 1 to 4094 and will be effective only when the corresponding IPv6 interface is valid.

If the IPv6 gateway address is link-local, it must specify the next hop VLAN for the gateway. If the IPv6 gateway address is not link-local, system ignores the next hop VLAN for the gateway.

Buttons

Add Interface :

Click to add a new IP interface. A maximum of 8 interfaces is supported.

Add Route :

Click to add a new IP route. A maximum of 8 routes is supported.

Apply :

Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

NOTE: If you configure switches and IP cameras to be using static IPs, make sure to configure the same gateway value and subnet settings for IP cameras under IP routers for all switches to work properly on the Topology view.

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2-2.2 IP Status

This page displays the status of the IP protocol layer. The status is defined by the IP interfaces, the IP routes and the neighbour cache (ARP cache) status.

Web Interface

To display the log configuration in the web interface:

1.Click System, IP Advance and IP Status.

2.Display the IP Configuration information.

Figure 2-2.2: The IP Status

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Parameter description:

IP Interfaces

Interface :

Show the name of the interface.

Type :

Show the address type of the entry. This may be LINK or IPv4.

Address :

Show the current address of the interface (of the given type).

Status :

Show the status flags of the interface (and/or address).

IP Routes

Network :

Show the destination IP network or host address of this route.

Gateway :

Show the gateway address of this route.

Status :

Show the status flags of the route.

Interface:

Show the name of the interface.

Neighbour cache

IP Address :

Show the IP address of the entry.

Link Address :

Show the Link (MAC) address for which a binding to the IP address given exist.

Buttons

Figure 2-2.2: The IP Status buttons

Auto-refresh :

Check this box to refresh the page automatically. Automatic refresh occurs every 3 seconds.

Refresh :

Click to refresh the page immediately.

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2-3 System Time

The switch provides manual and automatic ways to set the system time via NTP. Manual setting is simple and you just input “Year”, “Month”, “Day”, “Hour” and “Minute” within the valid value range indicated in each item.

Web Interface

To configure Time in the web interface:

1.Click System and System Time

2.Specify the Time parameter.

3.Click Apply.

Figure 2-3: The time configuration

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Parameter description:

Time Configuration

Clock Source :

There are two modes for configuring how the Clock Source from. Select "Local Settings" : Clock Source from Local Time. Select "NTP Server" : Clock Source from NTP Server.

System Date :

Show the current time of the system. The year of system date limits between 2001 and 2037.

Time Zone Configuration

Time Zone :

Lists various Time Zones worldwide. Select appropriate Time Zone from the drop down and click Apply to set.

Acronym :

User can set the acronym of the time zone. This is a User configurable acronym to identify the time zone. (Range: Up to 16 characters)

Daylight Saving Time Configuration

Daylight Saving Time :

This is used to set the clock forward or backward according to the configurations set below for a defined Daylight Saving Time duration. Select 'Disable' to disable the Daylight Saving Time configuration. Select 'Recurring' and configure the Daylight Saving Time duration to repeat the configuration every year. Select 'Non-Recurring' and configure the Daylight Saving Time duration for single time configuration. (Default: Disabled).

Recurring Configuration

Start time settings :

Week - Select the starting week number.

Day - Select the starting day.

Month - Select the starting month.

Hours - Select the starting hour.

End time settings :

Week - Select the ending week number.

Day - Select the ending day.

Month - Select the ending month.

Hours - Select the ending hour.

Offset settings :

Offset - Enter the number of minutes to add during Daylight Saving Time. (Range: 1 to 1440)

NOTE: The under “Start Time Settings” and “End Time Settings” was displayed what you set on the “Start Time Settings” and “End Time Settings” field information.

Buttons

Apply :

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Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

Figure 4-4: The Configure NTP Server button

Configure NTP Server :

Click to configure NTP server, When Clock Source select from NTP Server.

Figure 4-4: The SNTP configuration

NTP is Network Time Protocol and is used to sync the network time based Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). If use the NTP mode and select a built-in NTP time server or manually specify an user-defined NTP server as well as Time Zone, the switch will sync the time in a short after pressing <Apply> button. Though it synchronizes the time automatically, NTP does not update the time periodically without user’s processing.

Time Zone is an offset time off GMT. You have to select the time zone first and then perform time sync via NTP because the switch will combine this time zone offset and updated NTP time to come out the local time, otherwise, you will not able to get the correct time. The switch supports configurable time zone from –12 to +13 step 1 hour.

Default Time zone: +8 Hrs.

Parameter description :

Server 1 to 6:

Provide the NTP IPv4 or IPv6 address of this switch. IPv6 address is in 128-bit records represented as eight fields of up to four hexadecimal digits with a colon separating each field (:). For example, 'fe80::215:c5ff:fe03:4dc7'. The symbol '::' is a special syntax that can be used as a shorthand way of representing multiple 16-bit groups of contiguous zeros; but it can only appear once. It can also represent a legally valid IPv4 address. For example, '::192.1.2.34'.

Interval

You can specify the time interval in seconds after which a time check and, in case of deviation, a resynchronization of the internal device clock against the specified timeserver via Network Time Protocol(NTP) should be performed.

Buttons

These buttons are displayed on the SNTP page:

Apply :

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Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

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2-4 Log

2-4.1 Syslog Configuration

The Syslog Configuration is a standard for logging program messages . It allows separation of the software that generates messages from the system that stores them and the software that reports and analyzes them. It can be used as well a generalized informational, analysis and debugging messages. It is supported by a wide variety of devices and receivers across multiple platforms.

Web Interface

To configure Syslog Configuration in the web interface:

1.Click System, Log and Syslog Configuration.

2.Specify the syslog parameters include IP Address of Syslog server and Port number.

3.Evoke the Syslog to enable it.

4.Click Apply.

Figure 2-4.1: The System Log configuration

Parameter description:

Mode :

Indicate the server mode operation. When the mode operation is enabled, the syslog message will send out to syslog server. The syslog protocol is based on UDP communication and received on UDP port 514 and the syslog server will not send acknowledgments back sender since UDP is a connectionless protocol and it does not provide acknowledgments. The syslog packet will always send out even if the syslog server does not exist. Possible modes are:

On: Enable server mode operation. Off: Disable server mode operation.

Server 1 to 6 :

Indicates the IPv4 hosts address of syslog server. If the switch provide DNS feature, it also can be a host name.

Buttons

Apply :

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Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

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2-4.2 View Log

This section describes that display the system log information of the switch

Web Interface

To display the log configuration in the web interface:

1.Click System, Log and View Log.

2.Display the log information.

Figure 2-4.2: The System Log Information

Parameter description:

ID :

ID (>= 1) of the system log entry.

Level :

level of the system log entry. The following level types are supported: Debug : debug level message.

Info : informational message.

Notice : normal, but significant, condition. Warning : warning condition.

Error : error condition. Crit : critical conditions.

Alert : action must be taken immediately. Emerg : system is unusable.

Time :

It will display the log record by device time. The time of the system log entry.

Message :

It will display the log detail message. The message of the system log entry.

Search :

You can search for the information that you want to see.

Show entries :

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You can choose how many items you want to show off.

Buttons

Refresh :

Updates the system log entries, starting from the current entry ID.

Clear Logs :

Clear all the system log entries.

Next :

Updates the system log entries, turn to the next page.

Previous :

Updates the system log entries, turn to the previous page.

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2-5 LLDP

The switch supports the LLDP. For current information on your switch model, The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) provides a standards-based method for enabling switches to advertise themselves to adjacent devices and to learn about adjacent LLDP devices. The Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) is a vendor-neutral Link Layer protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite used by network devices for advertising their identity, capabilities, and neighbors on a IEEE 802 local area network, principally wired Ethernet. The protocol is formally referred to by the IEEE as Station and Media Access Control Connectivity Discovery specified in standards document IEEE 802.1AB.

2-5.1 LLDP Configuration

You can per port to do the LLDP configuration and the detail parameters, the settings will take effect immediately. This page allows the user to inspect and configure the current LLDP port settings.

Web Interface

To configure LLDP:

1.Click System, LLDP and LLDP configuration.

2.Modify LLDP timing parameters

3.Set the required mode for transmitting or receiving LLDP messages

4.Specify the information to include in the TLV field of advertised messages

5.Click Apply

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Figure 2-5.1: The LLDP Configuration

Parameter description:

LLDP Parameters

Tx Interval :

The switch periodically transmits LLDP frames to its neighbours for having the network discovery information up-to-date. The interval between each LLDP frame is determined by the Tx Interval value. Valid values are restricted to 5 - 32768 seconds.

Tx Hold :

Each LLDP frame contains information about how long the information in the LLDP frame shall be considered valid. The LLDP information valid period is set to Tx Hold multiplied by Tx Interval seconds. Valid values are restricted to 2 - 10 times.

Tx Delay :

If some configuration is changed (e.g. the IP address) a new LLDP frame is transmitted, but the time between the LLDP frames will always be at least the value of Tx Delay seconds. Tx Delay cannot be larger than 1/4 of the Tx Interval value. Valid values are restricted to 1 - 8192 seconds.

Tx Reinit :

When a port is disabled, LLDP is disabled or the switch is rebooted, an LLDP shutdown frame is transmitted to the neighboring units, signaling that the LLDP information isn't valid anymore. Tx Reinit controls the amount of seconds between the shutdown frame and a new LLDP initialization. Valid values are restricted to 1 - 10 seconds.

LLDP Port Configuration

The LLDP port settings relate to the currently selected, as reflected by the page header.

Port :

The switch port number of the logical LLDP port.

Mode :

Select LLDP mode.

Rx only The switch will not send out LLDP information, but LLDP information from neighbor units is analyzed.

Tx only The switch will drop LLDP information received from neighbors, but will send out LLDP information.

Disabled The switch will not send out LLDP information, and will drop LLDP information received from neighbors.

Enabled the switch will send out LLDP information, and will analyze LLDP information received from neighbors.

CDP Aware :

Select CDP awareness.

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The CDP operation is restricted to decoding incoming CDP frames (The switch doesn't transmit CDP frames). CDP frames are only decoded if LLDP on the port is enabled.

Only CDP TLVs that can be mapped to a corresponding field in the LLDP neighbors’ table are decoded. All other TLVs are discarded (Unrecognized CDP TLVs and discarded CDP frames are not shown in the LLDP statistics.). CDP TLVs are mapped onto LLDP neighbors’ table as shown below.

CDP TLV "Device ID" is mapped to the LLDP "Chassis ID" field.

CDP TLV "Address" is mapped to the LLDP "Management Address" field. The CDP address TLV can contain multiple addresses, but only the first address is shown in the LLDP neighbors’ table.

CDP TLV "Port ID" is mapped to the LLDP "Port ID" field.

CDP TLV "Version and Platform" is mapped to the LLDP "System Description" field.

Both the CDP and LLDP support "system capabilities", but the CDP capabilities cover capabilities that are not part of the LLDP. These capabilities are shown as "others" in the LLDP neighbors’ table.

If all ports have CDP awareness disabled the switch forwards CDP frames received from neighbor devices. If at least one port has CDP awareness enabled all CDP frames are terminated by the switch.

NOTE: When CDP awareness on a port is disabled the CDP information isn't removed immediately, but gets when the hold time is exceeded.

Port Descr :

Optional TLV: When checked the "port description" is included in LLDP information transmitted.

Sys Name :

Optional TLV: When checked the "system name" is included in LLDP information transmitted.

Sys Descr :

Optional TLV: When checked the "system description" is included in LLDP information transmitted.

Sys Capa :

Optional TLV: When checked the "system capability" is included in LLDP information transmitted.

Mgmt Addr :

Optional TLV: When checked the "management address" is included in LLDP information transmitted.

Buttons

Apply :

Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

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2-5.2 LLDP-MED Configuration

Media Endpoint Discovery is an enhancement of LLDP, known as LLDP-MED that provides the following facilities:

Auto-discovery of LAN policies (such as VLAN, Layer 2 Priority and Differentiated services (Diffserv) settings) enabling plug and play networking.

Device location discovery to allow creation of location databases and, in the case of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), Enhanced 911 services.

Extended and automated power management of Power over Ethernet (PoE) end points.

Inventory management, allowing network administrators to track their network devices, and determine their characteristics (manufacturer, software and hardware versions, and serial or asset number).

This page allows you to configure the LLDP-MED. This function applies to VoIP devices which support LLDP-MED.

Web Interface

To configure LLDP-MED:

1.Click System, LLDP and LLDP-MED Configuration

2.Modify Fast start repeat count parameter, default is 4

3.Modify Coordinates Location parameters

4.Fill Civic Address Location parameters

5.Add new policy

6.Click Apply, will show following Policy Port Configuration

7.Select Policy ID for each port

8.Click Apply.

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Figure 2-5.2: The LLDP-MED Configuration

Parameter description :

Fast start repeat count

Rapid startup and Emergency Call Service Location Identification Discovery of endpoints is a critically important aspect of VoIP systems in general. In addition, it is best to advertise only those pieces of information which are specifically relevant to particular endpoint types (for example only advertise the voice network policy to permitted voice-capable devices), both in order to conserve the limited LLDPU space and to reduce security and system integrity issues

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that can come with inappropriate knowledge of the network policy.

With this in mind LLDP-MED defines an LLDP-MED Fast Start interaction between the protocol and the application layers on top of the protocol, in order to achieve these related properties. Initially, a Network Connectivity Device will only transmit LLDP TLVs in an LLDPDU. Only after an LLDP-MED Endpoint Device is detected, will an LLDP-MED capable Network Connectivity Device start to advertise LLDP-MED TLVs in outgoing LLDPDUs on the associated port. The LLDP-MED application will temporarily speed up the transmission of the LLDPDU to start within a second, when a new LLDP-MED neighbour has been detected in order share LLDP-MED information as fast as possible to new neighbours.

Because there is a risk of an LLDP frame being lost during transmission between neighbours, it is recommended to repeat the fast start transmission multiple times to increase the possibility of the neighbours receiving the LLDP frame. With Fast start repeat count it is possible to specify the number of times the fast start transmission would be repeated. The recommended value is 4 times, given that 4 LLDP frames with a 1 second interval will be transmitted, when an LLDP frame with new information is received.

It should be noted that LLDP-MED and the LLDP-MED Fast Start mechanism is only intended to run on links between LLDP-MED Network Connectivity Devices and Endpoint Devices, and as such does not apply to links between LAN infrastructure elements, including Network Connectivity Devices, or other types of links.

Coordinates Location

Latitude :

Latitude SHOULD be normalized to within 0-90 degrees with a maximum of 4 digits.

It is possible to specify the direction to either North of the equator or South of the equator.

Longitude :

Longitude SHOULD be normalized to within 0-180 degrees with a maximum of 4 digits.

It is possible to specify the direction to either East of the prime meridian or West of the prime meridian.

Altitude :

Altitude SHOULD be normalized to within -32767 to 32767 with a maximum of 4 digits. It is possible to select between two altitude types (floors or meters).

Meters: Representing meters of Altitude defined by the vertical datum specified.

Floors: Representing altitude in a form more relevant in buildings which have different floor-to-floor dimensions. An altitude = 0.0 is meaningful even outside a building, and represents ground level at the given latitude and longitude. Inside a building, 0.0 represents the floor level associated with ground level at the main entrance.

Map Datum :

The Map Datum is used for the coordinates given in these options:

WGS84: (Geographical 3D) - World Geodesic System 1984, CRS Code 4327, and Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich.

NAD83/NAVD88: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; the associated vertical datum is the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88). This datum pair is to be used when referencing locations on land, not near tidal water (which would use Datum = NAD83/MLLW).

NAD83/MLLW: North American Datum 1983, CRS Code 4269, Prime Meridian Name: Greenwich; the associated vertical datum is Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW). This datum pair is to be used when referencing locations on water/sea/ocean.

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Civic Address Location

IETF Geopriv Civic Address based Location Configuration Information (Civic Address LCI).

Country code :

The two-letter ISO 3166 country code in capital ASCII letters - Example: DK, DE or US.

State :

National subdivisions (state, canton, region, province, prefecture).

County :

County, parish, gun (Japan), district.

City :

City, township, shi (Japan) - Example: Copenhagen.

City district :

City division, borough, city district, ward, chou (Japan).

Block (Neighbourhood) :

Neighbourhood, block.

Street :

Street - Example: Poppelvej.

Leading street direction :

Leading street direction - Example: N.

Trailing street suffix :

Trailing street suffix - Example: SW.

Street suffix :

Street suffix - Example: Ave, Platz.

House no. :

House number - Example: 21.

House no. suffix :

House number suffix - Example: A, 1/2.

Landmark :

Landmark or vanity address - Example: Columbia University.

Additional location info :

Additional location info - Example: South Wing.

Name :

Name (residence and office occupant) - Example: Flemming Jahn.

Zip code :

Postal/zip code - Example: 2791.

Building :

Building (structure) - Example: Low Library.

Apartment :

Unit (Apartment, suite) - Example: Apt 42.

Floor :

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Floor - Example: 4.

Room no. :

Room number - Example: 450F.

Place type :

Place type - Example: Office.

Postal community name :

Postal community name - Example: Leonia.

P.O. Box :

Post office box (P.O. BOX) - Example: 12345.

Additional code :

Additional code - Example: 1320300003.

Emergency Call Service:

Emergency Call Service (e.g. E911 and others), such as defined by TIA or NENA.

Emergency Call Service :

Emergency Call Service ELIN identifier data format is defined to carry the ELIN identifier as used during emergency call setup to a traditional CAMA or ISDN trunk-based PSAP. This format consists of a numerical digit string, corresponding to the ELIN to be used for emergency calling.

Policies

Network Policy Discovery enables the efficient discovery and diagnosis of mismatch issues with the VLAN configuration, along with the associated Layer 2 and Layer 3 attributes, which apply for a set of specific protocol applications on that port. Improper network policy configurations are a very significant issue in VoIP environments that frequently result in voice quality degradation or loss of service.

Policies are only intended for use with applications that have specific 'real-time' network policy requirements, such as interactive voice and/or video services.

The network policy attributes advertised are:

1.Layer 2 VLAN ID (IEEE 802.1Q-2003)

2.Layer 2 priority value (IEEE 802.1D-2004)

3.Layer 3 Diffserv code point (DSCP) value (IETF RFC 2474)

This network policy is potentially advertised and associated with multiple sets of application types supported on a given port. The application types specifically addressed are:

1.Voice

2.Guest Voice

3.Softphone Voice

4.Video Conferencing

5.Streaming Video

6.Control / Signalling (conditionally support a separate network policy for the media types above)

A large network may support multiple VoIP policies across the entire organization, and different policies per application type. LLDP-MED allows multiple policies to be advertised per port, each corresponding to a different application type. Different ports on the same Network

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Connectivity Device may advertise different sets of policies, based on the authenticated user identity or port configuration.

It should be noted that LLDP-MED is not intended to run on links other than between Network Connectivity Devices and Endpoints, and therefore does not need to advertise the multitude of network policies that frequently run on an aggregated link interior to the LAN.

Delete :

Check to delete the policy. It will be deleted during the next save.

Policy ID :

ID for the policy. This is auto generated and shall be used when selecting the polices that shall be mapped to the specific ports.

Application Type :

Intended use of the application types:

1.Voice - for use by dedicated IP Telephony handsets and other similar appliances supporting interactive voice services. These devices are typically deployed on a separate VLAN for ease of deployment and enhanced security by isolation from data applications.

2.Voice Signalling (conditional) - for use in network topologies that require a different policy for the voice signalling than for the voice media. This application type should not be advertised if all the same network policies apply as those advertised in the Voice application policy.

3.Guest Voice - support a separate 'limited feature-set' voice service for guest users and visitors with their own IP Telephony handsets and other similar appliances supporting interactive voice services.

4.Guest Voice Signalling (conditional) - for use in network topologies that require a different policy for the guest voice signalling than for the guest voice media. This application type should not be advertised if all the same network policies apply as those advertised in the Guest Voice application policy.

5.Softphone Voice - for use by softphone applications on typical data centric devices, such as PCs or laptops. This class of endpoints frequently does not support multiple VLANs, if at all, and are typically configured to use an 'untagged' VLAN or a single 'tagged' data specific VLAN. When a network policy is defined for use with an 'untagged' VLAN (see Tagged flag below), then the L2 priority field is ignored and only the DSCP value has relevance.

6.Video Conferencing - for use by dedicated Video Conferencing equipment and other similar appliances supporting real-time interactive video/audio services.

7.Streaming Video - for use by broadcast or multicast based video content distribution and other similar applications supporting streaming video services that require specific network policy treatment. Video applications relying on TCP with buffering would not be an intended use of this application type.

8.Video Signalling (conditional) - for use in network topologies that require a separate policy for the video signalling than for the video media. This application type should not be advertised if all the same network policies apply as those advertised in the Video Conferencing application policy.

Tag :

Tag indicating whether the specified application type is using a 'tagged' or an 'untagged' VLAN.

Untagged indicates that the device is using an untagged frame format and as such does not include a tag header as defined by IEEE 802.1Q-2003. In this case, both the VLAN ID and the

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Layer 2 priority fields are ignored and only the DSCP value has relevance.

Tagged indicates that the device is using the IEEE 802.1Q tagged frame format, and that both the VLAN ID and the Layer 2 priority values are being used, as well as the DSCP value. The tagged format includes an additional field, known as the tag header. The tagged frame format also includes priority tagged frames as defined by IEEE 802.1Q-2003.

VLAN ID :

VLAN identifier (VID) for the port as defined in IEEE 802.1Q-2003.

L2 Priority :

L2 Priority is the Layer 2 priority to be used for the specified application type. L2 Priority may specify one of eight priority levels (0 through 7), as defined by IEEE 802.1D-2004. A value of 0 represents use of the default priority as defined in IEEE 802.1D-2004.

DSCP :

DSCP value to be used to provide Diffserv node behaviour for the specified application type as defined in IETF RFC 2474. DSCP may contain one of 64 code point values (0 through 63). A value of 0 represents use of the default DSCP value as defined in RFC 2475.

Port Policies Configuration :

Every port may advertise a unique set of network policies or different attributes for the same network policies, based on the authenticated user identity or port configuration.

Port :

The port number to which the configuration applies.

Policy Id :

The set of policies that shall apply to a given port. The set of policies is selected by check marking the checkboxes that corresponds to the policies.

Buttons

Adding a new policy :

Click to add a new policy. Specify the Application type, Tag, VLAN ID, L2 Priority and DSCP for the new policy. Click "Apply".

Apply :

Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

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2-5.3 LLDP Neighbour

This page provides a status overview for all LLDP neighbours. The displayed table contains a row for each port on which an LLDP neighbour is detected. The columns hold the following information:

Web Interface

To show LLDP neighbours:

1.Click System, LLDP and LLDP Neighbour.

2.Click Refresh for manual update web screen

3.Click Auto-refresh for auto-update web screen

Figure 2-5.3: The LLDP Neighbour information

NOTE: If your network without any device supports LLDP then the table will show “No LLDP neighbour information found”.

Parameter description:

Local Port :

The port on which the LLDP frame was received.

Chassis ID :

The Chassis ID is the identification of the neighbour's LLDP frames.

Port ID :

The Remote Port ID is the identification of the neighbour port.

Port Description :

Port Description is the port description advertised by the neighbour unit.

System Name :

System Name is the name advertised by the neighbour unit.

System Capabilities :

System Capabilities describes the neighbour unit's capabilities. The possible capabilities are:

1.Other

2.Repeater

3.Bridge

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4.WLAN Access Point

5.Router

6.Telephone

7.DOCSIS cable device

8.Station only

9.Reserved

When a capability is enabled, the capability is followed by (+). If the capability is disabled, the capability is followed by (-).

System Description

Displays the system description.

Management Address :

Management Address is the neighbour unit's address that is used for higher layer entities to assist discovery by the network management. This could for instance hold the neighbour's IP address.

Buttons

Figure 2-5.3: The LLDP Neighbor buttons

Auto-refresh :

Check this box to refresh the page automatically. Automatic refresh occurs every 3 seconds.

Refresh :

Click to refresh the page immediately.

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2-5.4 LLDP-MED Neighbour

This page provides a status overview of all LLDP-MED neighbours. The displayed table contains a row for each port on which an LLDP neighbour is detected. This function applies to VoIP devices which support LLDP-MED. The columns hold the following information:

Web Interface

To show LLDP-MED neighbor:

1.Click System, LLDP and LLDP-MED Neighbour.

2.Click Refresh for manual update web screen

3.Click Auto-refresh for auto-update web screen

Figure 2-5.4: The LLDP-MED Neighbour information

NOTE: If your network without any device supports LLDP-MED then the table will show “No LLDP-MED neighbour information found”.

Parameter description

Port :

The port on which the LLDP frame was received.

Device Type :

LLDP-MED Devices are comprised of two primary Device Types: Network Connectivity Devices and Endpoint Devices.

LLDP-MED Network Connectivity Device Definition

LLDP-MED Network Connectivity Devices, as defined in TIA-1057, provide access to the IEEE 802 based LAN infrastructure for LLDP-MED Endpoint Devices. An LLDP-MED Network Connectivity Device is a LAN access device based on any of the following technologies:

1. LAN Switch/Router

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2.IEEE 802.1 Bridge

3.IEEE 802.3 Repeater (included for historical reasons)

4.IEEE 802.11 Wireless Access Point

5.Any device that supports the IEEE 802.1AB and MED extensions defined by TIA-1057 and can relay IEEE 802 frames via any method.

LLDP-MED Endpoint Device Definition :

LLDP-MED Endpoint Devices, as defined in TIA-1057, are located at the IEEE 802 LAN network edge, and participate in IP communication service using the LLDP-MED framework.

Within the LLDP-MED Endpoint Device category, the LLDP-MED scheme is broken into further Endpoint Device Classes, as defined in the following.

Each LLDP-MED Endpoint Device Class is defined to build upon the capabilities defined for the previous Endpoint Device Class. For-example will any LLDP-MED Endpoint Device claiming compliance as a Media Endpoint (Class II) also support all aspects of TIA-1057 applicable to Generic Endpoints (Class I), and any LLDP-MED Endpoint Device claiming compliance as a Communication Device (Class III) will also support all aspects of TIA-1057 applicable to both Media Endpoints (Class II) and Generic Endpoints (Class I).

LLDP-MED Generic Endpoint (Class I) :

The LLDP-MED Generic Endpoint (Class I) definition is applicable to all endpoint products that require the base LLDP discovery services defined in TIA-1057, however do not support IP media or act as an end-user communication appliance. Such devices may include (but are not limited to) IP Communication Controllers, other communication related servers, or any device requiring basic services as defined in TIA-1057.

Discovery services defined in this class include LAN configuration, device location, network policy, power management, and inventory management.

LLDP-MED Media Endpoint (Class II) :

The LLDP-MED Media Endpoint (Class II) definition is applicable to all endpoint products that have IP media capabilities however may or may not be associated with a particular end user. Capabilities include all of the capabilities defined for the previous Generic Endpoint Class (Class I), and are extended to include aspects related to media streaming. Example product categories expected to adhere to this class include (but are not limited to) Voice / Media Gateways, Conference Bridges, Media Servers, and similar.

Discovery services defined in this class include media-type-specific network layer policy discovery.

LLDP-MED Communication Endpoint (Class III) :

The LLDP-MED Communication Endpoint (Class III) definition is applicable to all endpoint products that act as end user communication appliances supporting IP media. Capabilities include all of the capabilities defined for the previous Generic Endpoint (Class I) and Media Endpoint (Class II) classes, and are extended to include aspects related to end user devices. Example product categories expected to adhere to this class include (but are not limited to) end user communication appliances, such as IP Phones, PC-based softphones, or other communication appliances that directly support the end user.

Discovery services defined in this class include provision of location identifier (including ECS

/E911 information), embedded L2 switch support, inventory management.

LLDP-MED Capabilities :

LLDP-MED Capabilities describes the neighborhood unit's LLDP-MED capabilities. The possible capabilities are:

1. LLDP-MED capabilities

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2.Network Policy

3.Location Identification

4.Extended Power via MDI - PSE

5.Extended Power via MDI - PD

6.Inventory

7.Reserved

Application Type :

Application Type indicating the primary function of the application(s) defined for this network policy, advertised by an Endpoint or Network Connectivity Device. The possible application types are shown below.

1.Voice - for use by dedicated IP Telephony handsets and other similar appliances supporting interactive voice services. These devices are typically deployed on a separate VLAN for ease of deployment and enhanced security by isolation from data applications.

2.Voice Signalling - for use in network topologies that require a different policy for the voice signalling than for the voice media.

3.Guest Voice - to support a separate limited feature-set voice service for guest users and visitors with their own IP Telephony handsets and other similar appliances supporting interactive voice services.

4.Guest Voice Signalling - for use in network topologies that require a different policy for the guest voice signalling than for the guest voice media.

5.Softphone Voice - for use by softphone applications on typical data centric devices, such as PCs or laptops.

6.Video Conferencing - for use by dedicated Video Conferencing equipment and other similar appliances supporting real-time interactive video/audio services.

7.Streaming Video - for use by broadcast or multicast based video content distribution and other similar applications supporting streaming video services that require specific network policy treatment. Video applications relying on TCP with buffering would not be an intended use of this application type.

8.Video Signalling - for use in network topologies that require a separate policy for the video signalling than for the video media.

Policy :

Policy indicates that an Endpoint Device wants to explicitly advertise that the policy is required by the device. Can be either Defined or Unknown

Unknown: The network policy for the specified application type is currently unknown. Defined: The network policy is defined.

TAG :

TAG is indicative of whether the specified application type is using a tagged or an untagged VLAN. Can be Tagged or Untagged.

Untagged: The device is using an untagged frame format and as such does not include a tag header as defined by IEEE 802.1Q-2003.

Tagged: The device is using the IEEE 802.1Q tagged frame format.

VLAN ID :

VLAN ID is the VLAN identifier (VID) for the port as defined in IEEE 802.1Q-2003. A value of 1 through 4094 is used to define a valid VLAN ID. A value of 0 (Priority Tagged) is used if the

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device is using priority tagged frames as defined by IEEE 802.1Q-2003, meaning that only the IEEE 802.1D priority level is significant and the default PVID of the ingress port is used instead.

Priority :

Priority is the Layer 2 priority to be used for the specified application type. One of the eight priority levels (0 through 7).

DSCP :

DSCP is the DSCP value to be used to provide Diffserv node behavior for the specified application type as defined in IETF RFC 2474. Contain one of 64 code point values (0 through 63).

Auto-negotiation

Auto-negotiation identifies if MAC/PHY auto-negotiation is supported by the link partner.

Auto-negotiation status

Auto-negotiation status identifies if auto-negotiation is currently enabled at the link partner. If Auto-negotiation is supported and Auto-negotiation status is disabled, the 802.3 PMD operating mode will be determined the operational MAU type field value rather than by auto-negotiation.

Auto-negotiation Capabilities

Auto-negotiation Capabilities shows the link partners MAC/PHY capabilities.

Buttons

Figure 2-5.4: The LLDP Neighbor buttons

Auto-refresh :

Check this box to refresh the page automatically. Automatic refresh occurs every 3 seconds.

Refresh :

Click to refresh the page immediately.

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2-5.5 LLDP Statistics

Two types of counters are shown. Global counters are counters that refer to the whole switch, while local counters refer to per port counters for the currently selected switch.

Web Interface

To show LLDP Statistics:

1.Click System ,LLDP and LLDP Statistics.

2.Click Refresh for manual update web screen.

3.Click Auto-refresh for auto-update web screen.

4.Click Clear to clear all counters.

Figure 2-5.5: The LLDP Statistics information

Parameter description:

Global Counters

Neighbour entries were last changed at :

It also shows the time when the last entry was last deleted or added. It also shows the time elapsed since the last change was detected.

Total Neighbours Entries Added :

Shows the number of new entries added since switch reboot.

Total Neighbours Entries Deleted :

Shows the number of new entries deleted since switch reboot.

Total Neighbours Entries Dropped :

Shows the number of LLDP frames dropped due to the entry table being full.

Total Neighbours Entries Aged Out :

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Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (49)

Shows the number of entries deleted due to Time-To-Live expiring.

Local Counters

The displayed table contains a row for each port. The columns hold the following information:

Local Port :

The port on which LLDP frames are received or transmitted.

Tx Frames :

The number of LLDP frames transmitted on the port.

Rx Frames :

The number of LLDP frames received on the port.

Rx Errors :

The number of received LLDP frames containing some kind of error.

Frames Discarded :

If an LLDP frame is received on a port, and the switch's internal table has run full, the LLDP frame is counted and discarded. This situation is known as "Too Many Neighbours" in the LLDP standard. LLDP frames require a new entry in the table when the Chassis ID or Remote Port ID is not already contained within the table. Entries are removed from the table when a given port's link is down, an LLDP shutdown frame is received, or when the entry ages out.

TLVs Discarded :

Each LLDP frame can contain multiple pieces of information, known as TLVs (TLV is short for "Type Length Value"). If a TLV is malformed, it is counted and discarded.

TLVs Unrecognized :

The number of well-formed TLVs, but with an unknown type value.

Org. Discarded :

The number of organizationally received TLVs.

Age-Outs :

Each LLDP frame contains information about how long time the LLDP information is valid (age-out time). If no new LLDP frame is received within the age out time, the LLDP information is removed, and the Age-Out counter is incremented.

Buttons

Figure 2-5.5: The LLDP Statistics information buttons

Auto-refresh :

Check this box to refresh the page automatically. Automatic refresh occurs every 3 seconds.

Refresh :

Click to refresh the page.

Clear :

Clears the counters for the selected port.

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Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (50)

2-6 UPnP

UPnP is an acronym for Universal Plug and Play. The goals of UPnP are to allow devices to connect seamlessly and to simplify the implementation of networks in the home (data sharing, communications, and entertainment) and in corporate environments for simplified installation of computer components

Web Interface

To configure the UPnP Configuration in the web interface:

1.Click System and UPnP.

2.Scroll to select the mode to enable or disable.

3.Specify the parameters in each blank field.

4.Click the Apply to save the setting.

5.If you want to cancel the setting then you need to click the Reset button.

6.It will revert to previously saved values.

Figure 2-6: The UPnP Configuration

Parameter description:

These parameters are displayed on the UPnP Configuration page:

Mode :

Indicates the UPnP operation mode. Possible modes are: Enabled: Enable UPnP mode operation.

Disabled: Disable UPnP mode operation.

When the mode is enabled, two ACEs are added automatically to trap UPNP related packets to CPU. The ACEs are automatically removed when the mode is disabled. .

TTL :

The TTL value is used by UPnP to send SSDP advertisement messages. Valid values are in the range 1 to 255.

Advertising Duration :

The duration, carried in SSDP packets, is used to inform a control point or control points how often it or they should receive an SSDP advertisement message from this switch. If a control point does not receive any message within the duration, it will think that the switch no longer exists. Due to the unreliable nature of UDP, in the standard it is recommended that such refreshing of advertisements to be done at less than one-half of the advertising duration. In the implementation, the switch sends SSDP messages periodically at the interval one-half of the advertising duration minus 30 seconds. Valid values are in the range 100 to

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Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (51)

86400.

Buttons

Apply :

Click to save changes.

Reset :

Click to undo any changes made locally and revert to previously saved values.

41

Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (52)

Chapter 3 Port Management

The section describes to configure the Port detail parameters of the switch. Others you could using the Port configure to enable or disable the Port of the switch. Monitor the ports content or status in the function.

3-1 Port Configuration

This page displays current port configurations. Ports can also be configured here.

Web Interface

To configure a Current Port Configuration in the web interface:

1.Click Port Management and Port Configuration.

2.Specify the Speed Configured, Flow Control.

3.Specify the detail Port alias or description an alphanumeric string describing the full name and version identification for the system’s hardware type, software version, and networking application.

4.Click Apply.

Figure 3-1: The Port Configuration

Parameter description:

Port :

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Vivotek AW-GEV-104B-130 Manual (53)

This is the logical port number for this row.

Link :

The current link state is displayed graphically. Green indicates the link is up and red that it is down.

Current Link Speed :

Provides the current link speed of the port.

Configured Link Speed :

Selects any available link speed for the given switch port. Only speeds supported by the specific port is shown. Possible speeds are:

Disabled - Disables the switch port operation.

Auto - Port auto negotiating speed with the link partner and selects the highest speed that is compatible with the link partner.

10Mbps HDX - Forces the cu port in 10Mbps half-duplex mode. 10Mbps FDX - Forces the cu port in 10Mbps full duplex mode. 100Mbps HDX - Forces the cu port in 100Mbps half-duplex mode. 100Mbps FDX - Forces the cu port in 100Mbps full duplex mode. 1Gbps FDX - Forces the port in 1Gbps full duplex.

2.5Gbps FDX - Forces the Serdes port in 2.5Gbps full duplex mode.

SFP_Auto_AMS - Automatically determines the speed of the SFP. Note: There is no standardized way to do SFP auto detect, so here it is done by reading the SFP rom. Due to the missing standardized way of doing SFP auto detect some SFPs might not be detectable. The port is set in AMS mode. Cu port is set in Auto mode.

100-FX - SFP port in 100-FX speed. Cu port disabled.

100-FX_AMS - Port in AMS mode. SFP port in 100-FX speed. Cu port in Auto mode. 1000-X - SFP port in 1000-X speed. Cu port disabled.

1000-X_AMS - Port in AMS mode. SFP port in 1000-X speed. Cu port in Auto mode. Ports in AMS mode with 1000-X speed has Cu port preferred. Ports in AMS mode with 100-FX speed has fiber port preferred.

Flow Control :

When Auto Speed is selected on a port, this section indicates the flow control capability that is advertised to the link partner. When a fixed-speed setting is selected, that is what is used. The Current Rx column indicates whether pause frames on the port are obeyed, and the Current Tx column indicates whether pause frames on the port are transmitted. The Rx and Tx settings are determined by the result of the last Auto-Negotiation.

Check the configured column to use flow control. This setting is related to the setting for Configured Link Speed.

Description :

Enter up to 47 characters to be descriptive name for identifies this port.

Buttons

Refresh :

You can click them for refresh the Port link Status manually.

Apply :

Click to save changes.

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